# Difference between revisions of "How to Roll Dice"

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Main Page: Complete Guide to Macros & Rolls

Rolling dice in Roll20 is easy! Just type `/roll` (or the shorter `/r`) command into the q Text Chat box, followed by a formula like `3d6+5`. In most cases, the formula is the same as the one that's printed in your game's instructions.

# How to Roll

The 3 main methods to roll dice:

1. Writing a roll command in the q Text Chat 2. Using the Template:DiceGui 3. rolling from a Character Sheet

## Roll Command

Simple dice roll made in the q Text Chat (March 2021)
Example 1, you might know that to roll an attack roll you need to roll a "D20 plus your attack modifier". In Roll20, you would just type
`/roll 1d20+5`

Example 2 If you hit and you need to roll 3d6+2 damage, you would just type `/r 3d6+2`. Finally, you can also string multiple rolls together. If you have an attack that does two types of damage, you might do

`/r 2d6+5 + 1d8`

So, the overall format for a dice roll is `/roll NdX+m` where `N` is the number of dice to roll, `X` is the number of sides of the dice, and `m` is the (optional) modifier, which can also be negative.

After the roll is performed, you'll see the results of the roll in the text chat area. Notice that for each group of dice that were rolled, there will be a group of numbers in parentheses, representing the result of each individual dice that was rolled. You'll also see the total of all the dice values plus modifiers to the right of the equals sign.

Check out the Dice Reference for more advanced rolling mechanics.

### Rolling in Secret

To perform a roll that can only be seen by you and the GM, you can use the command `/gmroll`, instead of the regular `/r`. Using `/w gm` works basically the same.

For example, if a player rolls `/gmroll 1d20+5`, Roll20 will roll `1d20+5` and show the result to the GM and the player who rolled it.
Making a few quick rolls from the t Dice Rolling GUI

If the GM uses `/gmroll`, only the GM will see the result.

## Quick Roll(Dice GUI)

Just want to get going quickly? The easiest way to roll dice in Roll20 is by using the t Dice Rolling GUI found in the Toolbox, as showing in the gif.

## From Character Sheet

Main Page: Character Sheet

Example of a roll made from a character sheet, which also happens to appears on the Turn Tracker

Most Character Sheets have roll buttons on them, so you can just click on their buttons, and the roll is automatically shown in the q Text Chat. These rolls automatically counts the relevant stats of the character, as well as displays the result in a nice way using a Roll Template.

More detailed information on dice rolling and related things.

## Dice Icons

Dragging a rolled dice from the chat to the map, and using it as a token.

When rolling a basic die (d4, d6, d8, d10, d12, d20, or d100) a small icon appears in the chat window next to your roll, showing the result number. You can drag and drop this image onto the tabletop interface, creating a token in the interface color of the rolling player.

You can also re-roll these tokens or place them on another side. Right-click on the token, and under the “Multi-Sided” option you can choose to either make a “Random Side” appear-- which will result in a new roll-- or select “Choose Side.” The Choose Side option will launch a pop-up, from which you can pick the side of the token to display.

## q Text Chat & more commands

q Text Chat page shows the other basic commands you can use for dice rolling, such as `/em`(Emote) and `/w`(whisper), and how to combine them with dice rolling.

Example:
If you want to have text with your dice roll, the `/em` is handy.

`/em makes a dexterity, with the result:[[1d20+3]].`

When making rolls using any other command than `/r`/`/gmroll`, you need to wrap the dice expression inside double brackets. This is referred to as an inline roll.

## Dice Syntax

The Dice Reference has a comprehensive list of how the Roll20 dice-rolling syntax works, such as counting success, exploding dice, keep/drop results, or adding a popup to let you choose.

Complete Guide to Macros & Rolls‎ is the main page for the various pages documenting how the roll20 dice & macros work and how to reference stats, it's another good starting point everything related.

## Turn Tracker

Making rolls that appear on the t Turn Tracker can be hady for tracking initiative and the order that characters will take turns.

## Mobile

Main Page: Mobile

The upcoming Roll20 mobile app is intended to have some options to make rolls, which would make it an easy option for some players.

# Related Pages

• QuantumRoll - the feature that provides the randomess to all Roll20 rolls
• 3D Dice
• t Dice GUI
• Character Sheets - most sheets have options to roll dice directly form them
• Complete Guide to Macros & Rolls‎ - main page
• q Text Chat - where the roll results appear, & info on the common chat commands
• Dice Reference - Comprehensive list of how the Roll20 dice-rolling syntax works, and list the features available
• Macros - How to create macros, and other info on how the Roll20 qText Chat works, like referencing stats on character sheets, roll queries, nesting macros & initiative
• Roll Templates - a method of formatting roll results in the chat, with some extra functions
• API(Pro Only) - API commands can be used in the qText Chat
• Mobile