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API:Utility Functions

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Roll20 API

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Cookbook (Examples)


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Utility functions are provided to help you work with the Roll20 game space consistently. You can call a utility function from anywhere in your scripts (inside any event callback, for example).

Contents

Underscore.js

You have access to the Underscore.js library (via the _ global object) to help make things easier. Underscore provides helper functions for things like _.each (to iterate through an array of objects). Check out the Underscore documentation for more information.

Logging

log(message)

You can use this function to log output to the API console on the Script Editor page. Useful for debugging your scripts and getting a better handle on what's going on inside the API sandbox.

on("change:graphic", function(obj) {    
  log("Heard change for object ID: " + obj.id);
});

Object Ordering

toFront(obj) and toBack(obj)

These two functions will move an object on the tabletop to the front (or back) of layer it is currently on. Note that you must pass in an actual object, such as one you receive in an event callback or by calling getObj or findObjs.


Random Numbers

randomInteger(max)

Use This Function For Dice! This function accounts for Modulo Bias which ensures that the resulting random numbers are also evenly distributed between 1 and MAX.

Returns a random integer, with the lowest value being 1, and the highest value being max. This is the same functionality that Roll20 uses to power its dice rolls, and these numbers have been statistically and rigorously proven to be random.

Math.random()

You can call Math.random() like normal in your API scripts, trusting that the results will be random, because the "default" Math.random() in Javascript has been replaced with the cryptographically-secure PRNG that powers Roll20. So existing scripts that use Math.random() can be used with knowing that the results really are as close to random as it's possible to get on a computer.

Do not use Math.random() if even distribution of numbers in a range are desired. While Math.random() gives you as good of a random number as Roll20 can manage the math to turn that random number into a range with even distribution (like a dice roll) is not as straight forward as multiplication with a modulo or a floor call. Use randomInteger(max) for those cases.

Player Is GM

playerIsGM(playerid)

The Player Is GM function returns a boolean response on whether a player in the game is a GM or not. The function will always return the correct answer depending on the current moment, so even if a GM chooses to re-join as a player or a player is promoted to a GM mid-game, playerIsGM() will respond accordingly without any need to clear a cache or restart the API sandbox.

Character

setDefaultTokenForCharacter( character, token )

Sets the default token for the supplied Character Object to the details of the supplied Token Object. Both objects must already exist. This will overwrite any default token currently associated with the character.

Special Effects (FX)

spawnFx(x, y, type, pageid)

Spawns a brief effect at the location at x,y of type. If you omit the pageid or pass 'undefined', then the page the players are currently on ('playerpageid' in the Campaign object) will be used by default.

For built-in effects type should be a string and be one of the following:beam-color, bomb-color, breath-color, bubbling-color, burn-color, burst-color, explode-color, glow-color, missile-color, nova-color, splatter-color

Where "color" in the above is one of: acid, blood, charm, death, fire, frost, holy, magic, slime, smoke, water

For custom effects, type should be the ID of the custfx object for the custom effect.

spawnFxBetweenPoints(point1, point2, type, pageid)

Works the same as spawnFx, but instead of a single point you pass in two points, in the format {x: 100, y: 100}. For example: spawnFXBetweenPoints({x: 100, y: 100}, {x: 400, y: 400}, "beam-acid"); The effect will "travel" between the two points for effects that support that (the same ones that allow agency on the client side).

The following effect types must always use spawnFxBetweenPoints instead of spawnFx: beam-color, breath-color, splatter-color

spawnFxWithDefinition(x, y, definitionJSON, pageid)

Spawns an ad-hoc custom effect using the JSON for some effect definition at the location x,y. If you omit the pageid or pass 'undefined', then the page the players are currently on ('playerpageid' in the Campaign object) will be used by default.

definitionJSON is a javascript object following the JSON specification for Custom FX.

Jukebox Playlists

UNAVAILABLE

"In Regards to SoundCloud"

Note: Using SoundCloud functions will not throw errors, but they no longer do anything.

playJukeboxPlaylist(playlistid)

The play function takes in the Folder ID (get it from the "_jukeboxfolder" property in the Campaign object) of the playlist, and will begin playing that playlist for everyone in the game.

stopJukeboxPlaylist()

The stop function does not require any arguments, and will stop any playlist that is currently playing.

Miscellaneous

sendPing(left, top, pageid, (optional) playerid, (optional) moveAll)

Sends a "ping" the tabletop (the same as if a player holds down their mouse button). You must specify the top/left coordinates, and the pageid of the page to be pinged. You can optionally specify the ID of a player who performed the ping -- if you don't "api" will be assumed and the ping will be yellow. You can also pass in "true" for the moveAll option if you want to move the player's screens to that location as well.

//Example:
on('ready', function() {
   // Sends a ping to 500,500 on the page players are currently on, 
   //   using the yellow color and moving the player's screens.
   sendPing(500, 500, Campaign().get('playerpageid'), null, true); 
});

A Note on Distances and Grids in Roll20

In Roll20, a "unit" is always 70 pixels on the screen. The "unit" is the building block that distance and the grid are built on top of. By default:

  • 1 unit = 5 ft
  • 1 unit = 1 grid square
  • Therefore, 5 ft = 1 unit = 1 square

However, the GM can change both the size of the grid, as well as the scale of the distance. 1 unit is always 70 pixels, but the GM could change the settings such that 1 unit is now 10ft (meaning 70 pixels = 10ft), or that each grid space is 2 units (meaning each grid space is now 140 pixels).